For some people, their bicycle is their main method of transportation. Whether it’s commuting to work or getting groceries, a bicycle can be an excellent way to save money, stay in shape, and enjoy the ride to your destination. For those of us who live too far away from work to cycle there, bicycles can still be a fun activity to that also helps you stay in shape.
Just like your car, your bicycle requires regular maintenance to keep your rides smooth and safe. Local bike shops will be able to give your bicycle a tune-up or make difficult repairs. However, there are a lot of maintenance tasks that can be done right from home with your average toolkit.
In this article, we’ll go over basic bike maintenance that you can do in your driveway that will keep your bike in good working condition.
Before you ride your bike, it’s good to perform a basic safety check in your driveway before leaving your home. You’ll want to check:
- tires, to see if they’re properly inflated, have enough tread, and don’t have any cracks
- brakes, to see if both the front and rear brakes work properly and that they’re touching the rims when pressed
- chain and shifters, to make sure the chain is lubricated and that the shifters are functioning correctly
Cleaning and lubrication
Cleaning your bicycle regularly isn’t just a matter of aesthetics. A clean bike is a safe bike and the process of cleaning helps you discover any potential issues with the bicycle. On a monthly basis, clean the frame and rims of your bike with a cloth. Look for any cracks in the frame, loose bolts or screws on any of the mechanisms.
Cleaning and lubricating the chain of your bike will significantly increase its lifespan and will prevent your chain from malfunctioning when you’re out on a ride. First, turn your bike upside down so that it is balanced on the sea and handlebars. Wipe off the grime that has built up on the chain with a rag. If necessary, use a degreaser and a small brush to scrub any remaining residue from between the links, then wipe down the chain once more. Apply a drop of chain lubricant to each chain link while you rotate the pedals.
While you have the lubricant out, also be sure to apply a small amount to the brake levers an derailleurs (the part that moves the chain onto the different sized sprockets to change gears). Also lubricate the brake cables and gear cables to make sure they can move freely and do not freeze up.
Repairs and replacement
Sometimes, in spite of proper care and maintenance you’re going to beed to make some repairs to your bicycle. The most common fixes you’ll need to make are changing flat tires and replacing worn brake pads, and chain issues like a skipping link. Depending on your bicycle, you can often find tutorials online that will help you find the tools you need to make these repairs from home. Otherwise, you could always give business to your local bike shop.